Minor Themes One of the minor themes that Achebe addresses in this book is the complex and subtle rites and traditions that make up Igbo culture. Pregnant again, she is desperate to save her children. When the British, French and Japanese empires began advancing, they sought different reasons and excuses to reach the wealth of the lesser advanced nations. For the Igbo, there are a few key ideas that form the basis of an ideal family: mutual respect for each other, a reverence for all past fathers, and unity. Although there may be a gap between the times of publication, the themes and connotations are strikingly similar. The old religion is threatened; with humiliation, the Igbo are forced to bow down to white authority. He is disgusted when Mbanto chooses the softer penalty of ostracizing them.
The gods and goddesses are typically of nature and natural things because the Igbo culture is so dependent on agriculture. The exile is his opportunity to get in touch with his feminine side and to acknowledge his maternal ancestors, but he keeps reminding himself that his maternal kinsmen are not as warlike and fierce as he remembers the villagers of Umuofia to be. Greatly disturbed, Obierika visits Okonkwo, but Okonkwo does not want to talk about Nwoye. Nigeria became an independent country on October 1, 1960, and became a republic in 1963. So, does Okonkwo participate and help kill this macho, adopted son he loves? Using the essay topics below in conjunction with the , you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent essay. In the story, readers are frequently reminded about this theme in references to chi, the individual's personal god as well as his ultimate capability and destiny.
His gun explodes and kills a fellow villager, to no fault of his own, and tradition forces him into exile for seven years. . The novel's title is a quote from a poem by the Irish poet W. He rises from humble beginnings to a position of leadership, and he is a wealthy man. Interpretation 3 — Both free will and fate play a role in the life of Okonkwo. For this reason, he frequently beats his wives, even threatening to kill them from time to time.
The chapter ends on an ominous note, foreshadowing the threats to the Igbo. The villagers in general are caught between resisting and embracing change and they face the dilemma of trying to determine how best to adapt to the reality of change. He wonders what he did to deserve such a son. Achebe's role in making modern African literature a part of world literature cannot be understated. The main character of this book, Okonkwo, is a truly hardworking and ambitious man, but these characteristics are mainly driven by hatred and resentment for his father. As a young man of eighteen he had brought honor to his village by throwing Amalinze the Cat. In other words, the Ibo had a thriving culture and economy in pre-colonial Umuofia.
A month later, an expedition of British forces searched the villages in the area and killed many natives in reprisal. These foods, as Achebe had described, were sometimes related to or involved with the religion or ancestral spirits of the Ibo tribe. In fact, many Western writers who wrote about colonialism including Joseph Conrad, George Orwell, Herman Melville, and Graham Greene were opposed to imperialism but were romantic in their portrayal of noble savages — primitive and animalistic, yet uncorrupted and innocent. The reader also sees how Okonkwo refuses to break away from his traditional and religious values, which results in his own death. To support this theme, he includes detailed descriptions of the justice codes and the trial process, the social and family rituals, the marriage customs, food production and preparation processes, the process of shared leadership for the community, religious beliefs and practices, and the opportunities for virtually every man to climb the clan's ladder of success through his own efforts.
Okonkwo seems to be fated to eventually fail in everything he does, and he asserts his will in this final moment to take his own life. The people of Mbanto meet to decide what to do about this new religion. Okonkwo is characterized as being very in tune with the traditions of his village. They set fire to his houses, demolished his red walls, killed his animals and destroyed his barn. This title is significant to the many themes that are explored throughout the story. In Igbo culture, women are the weaker sex, but are also endowed with qualities that make them worthy of worship, like the ability to bear children. These seven years have been an embittering experience.
Then, in the end, it is left with nothing. To counter this inclination, Achebe brings to life an African culture with a religion, a government, a system of money, and an artistic tradition, as well as a judicial system. For when there is nothing left to burn no reason to live if he cannot live for success , Okonkwo must extinguish himself. Brown reveals how much both systems of religion have in common. Slowly and hesitantly, the British occupied the rest of Nigeria. Not what the book is about, but some underlying ideas? About one-third larger than the state of Texas, Nigeria is located above the inner curve of the elbow on the west coast of Africa, just north of the equator and south of the Sahara Desert.
A few years later, the tribe finally decides that the kid has to die to appease the gods. When the missionaries first arrived in Mbanta, all of the villagers came to see them. For this essay, do a character analysis of Okonkwo and map the ways he is a tragic character. The Ibo believe it's possible to influence one's fate by exerting one's will. More than two hundred ethnic groups — each with its own language, beliefs, and culture — live in present-day Nigeria.
The Christians then broke into song. Male power lies in authority and brute force. Each of these viewpoints on personality attempts to define distinctive patterns in personality, incorporating how these patterns form and how people vary on a distinct level. During part one of the story, Achebe takes the reader through the daily lives of the Ibo people. Whereas Okonkwo is an unyielding man of action, the other two are more open and adaptable men of thought. Their leader was a white man who spoke through interpreters.