They are such as become Man Thinking. Let the grandeur of justice shine in his affairs. When Emerson introduces the second great influence on the spirit of the scholar, he at first praises books. The scholar of the first age received into him the world around; brooded thereon; gave it the new arrangement of his own mind, and uttered it again. It presently learns, that, since the dawn of history, there has been a constant accumulation and classifying of facts. Manlike let him turn and face it.
In this view of him, as Man Thinking, the whole theory of his office is contained. Colleges are built on it. It now endures, it now flies, it now inspires. This every man is entitled to; this every man contains within him, altho, in almost all men, obstructed, and as yet unborn. The first in time and the first in importance of the influences upon the mind is that of nature. For example, in Self-Reliance, Emerson argues one must live as courageously as a rose. They look backward and not forward.
It remains to say somewhat of his duties. Phi Beta Kappa's literary quarterly magazine, , was named after the speech. Thus far, our holiday has been simply a friendly sign of the survival of the love of letters amongst a people too busy to give to letters any more. But genius looks forward: the eyes of man are set in his forehead, not in his hindhead; man hopes, genius creates. Graduating in the middle of his class, Emerson taught in his brother William's school until 1825 when he entered the Divinity School at Harvard.
What is that but saying that we have come up with the point of view which the universal mind took through the eyes of one scribe; we have seen that man and have passed on. I grasp the hands of those next me, and take my place in the ring to suffer and to work, taught by an instinct, that so shall the dumb abyss be vocal with speech. The first in time and the first in importance of the influences upon the mind is that of nature. That great principle of Undulation in nature, that shows itself in the inspiring and expiring of the breath; in desire and satiety; in the ebb and flow of the sea; in day and night; in heat and cold; and as yet more deeply ingrained in every atom and every fluid, is known to us under the name of Polarity. Emerson set out defiantly to insist on the divinity of all men rather than one single historical personage, a position at odds with Christian orthodoxy but one central to his entire system of thought. What is the one end, which all means go to effect? But when the intervals of darkness come, as come they mustwhen the sun is hid and the stars withdraw their shiningwe repair to the lamps which were kindled by their ray, to guide our steps to the East again, where the dawn is. And finally is not the true scholar the only true master? We hear that we may speak.
It is pearls and rubies to his discourse. He is the world's heart. What stands in the way? Man Thinking must not be subdued by his instruments. Nature then becomes to him the measure of his attainments. It is remarkable the character of the pleasure we derive from the best books. By then, Emerson and his transcendental philosophy had already become renowned in intellectual circles. But he, in his private observatory, cataloguing obscure and nebulous stars of the human mind, which as yet no man has thought of as such,—watching days and months sometimes for a few facts; correcting still his old records,—must relinquish display and immediate fame.
When the mind is braced by labor and invention, the page of whatever book we read becomes luminous with manifold allusion. To map out a course of action and follow it to an end requires some of the same courage that a soldier needs. Emerson Among the Eccentrics: A Group Portrait. We read the verses of one of the great English poets, of Chaucer, of Marvell, of Dryden, with the most modern joy,—with a pleasure, I mean, which is in great part caused by the abstraction of all time from their verses. Whatsoever oracles the human heart, in all emergencies, in all solemn hours, has uttered as its commentary on the world of actions, — these he shall receive and impart.
I grasp the hands of those next me, and take my place in the ring to suffer and to work, taught by an instinct that so shall the dumb abyss be vocal with speech. What is nature to him? Biography Ralph Waldo Emerson was born on May 25, 1803, in Boston to Ruth Haskins Emerson and William Emerson, pastor of Boston's First Church. But when the intervals of darkness come, as come they must, -- when the sun is hid, and the stars withdraw their shining, -- we repair to the lamps which were kindled by their ray, to guide our steps to the East again, where the dawn is. The pattern of Emerson's intellectual life was shaped in these early years by the range and depth of his extracurricular reading in history, literature, philosophy, and religion, the extent of which took a severe toll on his eyesight and health. The next great influence into the spirit of the scholar, is, the mind of the Past, -- in whatever form, whether of literature, of art, of institutions, that mind is inscribed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. Worse yet, he must accept, — how often! They may all be comprised in self-trust.
After all, Emerson states, the laws of nature are equivalent to the laws of the mind. Forget this, and our American colleges will recede in their public importance, whilst they grow richer every year. Essays: First Series was published in 1841, followed by Essays: Second Series in 1844, the two volumes most responsible for Emerson's reputation as a philosopher. Then shall man be no longer a name for pity, for doubt, and for sensual indulgence. Interestingly, and arguably inconsistently, Emerson refers to the world, but since his purpose is for America and its scholar to become cultivated and whole, the world evidently means America. The great man makes the great thing. A year preceding his speech, Emerson had published nature, a pioneering essay in the formation of Transcendentalism, and he had founded, together with other leading transcendentalist thinkers, the so called Transcendental Club in Massachusetts, subsequent meetings between thinkers who loosely shared common views as well as mutual dissatisfaction with the American academic climate.
The stream retreats to its source. This is an experience that cannot be repeated by simply returning to a place or to an object such as a painting. Not so, brothers and friends,—please God, ours shall not be so. These roses under my window make no reference to former roses or to better ones; they are for what they are; they exist with God to-day. The English dramatic poets have Shakespearized now for two hundred years. Ever the winds blow; ever the grass grows. It is a mischievous notion that we are come late into nature; that the world was finished a long time ago.