Atticus and Calpurnia were both essential charactors in supporting Jem and Scouts actions because they represented parental values needed for success in life; as does my father, who teaches me things no one else can. By searching for the man who has been made into a monster by society, they bring back his basic common humanity and unite him with everyone else in spite of his unusual personality. Jem, now sensitive to the vulnerability of those who are oppressed, urges her to leave the defenseless bug alone. He then offers his own version of events, describing how Mayella, lonely and unhappy, committed the unmentionable act of lusting after a black man and then concealed her shame by accusing him of rape after being caught. He told them that although Dill was moved to tears by the way the Mr.
The value of some freedoms can't be fully understood until a person is forced to part from them. Chapter Sixteen The next day, Tom Robinson's trial begins. In part, it seems that he is telling Dill this because he knows the children can sympathize with him; after all, Dill has just been crying over the injustices he has seen in the courtroom. Finally, after eleven that night, the jury enters. Dill says goodbye to them, and Jem and Scout go to bed.
This had an impact on how this novel was written because Lee felt that she had to include what happened during the 1930s since she thought that she had to make people aware of the situation and the easiest way to get the message across to the nation was in a form of a narrative. She often looks up to Atticus, who always displays an upright, solidly moral response for his reactions to events. However, as they leave the house, a neighbor hurries by to tell them that Bob Ewell approached Atticus that morning, spat on him, and vowed that he would get revenge on Atticus for making him look like a fool. Atticus talks conversationally to the jury, telling them that the prosecution lacks substantial evidence. Atticus tried to persuade the jury beyond reasonable doubt, that Mayella was simply claiming Tom had raped her, to cover up for her wanting to kiss and tempt Tom Robinson A black man. As he struggles, Atticus arrives and catches them all. He tells the jury that they're smart enough to see that for the lie it is, and to know that African-Americans are no worse than any other race.
Boo was eventually brought back to the Radley home. In Maycomb society and, truthfully, the Southern United States at this time , basic human kindness from a black person to a white person is impermissible. Raymond, he seems optimistic about Maycomb, encouraging them to use their good judgment and see past skin color. After being unable to figure out why people go out of their way to despise each other, Jem suggests Boo Radley does not come out of his house because he does not want to leave it. But Dill takes a sip anyway, explaining afterward that it is just Coca-Cola.
Scout narrates the book in the first person, but in the past tense. Scout's retelling of Jem's description of Boo shows how her young mind could not yet distinguish between fact and fiction. Miss Caroline is from the richer and more cultured North Alabama, and does not understand the country ways of Maycomb. Indeed, in a temporal and geographical setting in which the white community as a whole has so little sympathy for blacks, Raymond is not only anomalous but also somewhat preposterous—it seems that even the righteous and morally upstanding Atticus might view Raymond as having breached accepted notions of social propriety. Scout remembers that a jury never looks at a man it has convicted, and she notices that the twelve men do not look at Tom Robinson as they file in and deliver a guilty verdict. Raymond was a peculiar man from an old, wealthy family. Terrified, Scout runs back home, but leaves the tire behind.
Here we see how the law, which is meant to protect people, can sometimes be harmful if followed too absolutely. On the contrary, Atticus understands that people are capable of great goodness and great evil, which proves the key to his own admirable moral strength. They announce that they have unanimously found Tom Robinson to be guilty. He is an old man who has a strong reputation for having a very informal courtroom. However, the next day Atticus tells his children that the case isn't over yet because they can still appeal the decision.
Jem explains that he's never been whipped by Atticus and doesn't want to be. Rather than congratulating Scout on her knowledge, Miss Caroline believes Scout is being taught incorrectly and tells her not to read at home anymore. However, he gives his little sister support when she needs it even though he warns her not to tag along with him and his fifth-grade friends at school. Atticus explains that, in Alabama, a white man will always win over a black man. Summary: Chapter 21 Calpurnia hands Atticus a note telling him that his children have not been home since noon. Sometimes, it is in everyone's best interests to bend the law in special cases.
Atticus was making his final statement to the jury, explaining that all that was required for acquittal was reasonable doubt. In fact, one man on the jury wanted to acquit—amazingly, it was one of the Cunninghams. As soon as it's gone, the three children run as fast as they can back home, but Jem loses his pants in the gate. Jem and his father also have a lengthy discussion about the legal system. They both inflicted fundamental influence on the children.
After lunch, Dill, Jem, and Scout wait for most of the people in the crowd to go inside the courthouse. Atticus gently shows the injustice of Tom's situation throughout the court proceedings. So Atticus gains the undying respect of his children and most of the black community. The first half of the day ends, and on her way out of the classroom, Scout sees Miss Caroline bury her head in her arms as the children leave the room. The note will ask him to come out sometimes and tell them what he's doing inside, and that they won't hurt him and will buy him ice cream. The Radleys are also differentiated from the community by their willful isolation from the usual patterns of social interaction, which causes the town to ostracize them and unreasonably turn the mysterious Boo into a scapegoat for any odd and unfortunate circumstances that occur. Atticus tells Jem and Scout that because he made Ewell look like a fool, Ewell needed to get revenge.
However, Jem can remember his mother and Scout notices that he is occasionally nostalgic about her. They're like little echo machines. Dill thinks Boo Radley died and Jem says they stuffed his body up the chimney. Accepting gifts in the Radley tree knothole and rolling accidentally into the Radley yard are some of the first signs that the children are slowly coming closer to making contact with Boo. Walter hesitates but then takes Jem up on the friendly offer. However his view on people like this is incredibly different to the stereotypical view, which is shown more by his sister Alexandra.