For more about painting, sculpture, architecture and printmaking, see:. In general, De Stijl proposed ultimate simplicity and abstraction, both in architecture and painting, by using only straight horizontal and vertical lines and rectangular forms. After World War I there was a turning away from old forms and philosophies among architects and designers, just as there was among artists and writers. Famous Artworks One of the more famous works classified under the De Stijl movement is the Red and Blue Chair furniture created by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917. While here Mondrian uses blacks and shades of grey, his paintings would later be further reduced, ultimately employing more basic compositions and only solid blocks of primary colors. As in the present example, he repeatedly ventured beyond the three primary colors, including a triangle of grey in addition to the primary colors, white, and black.
Although he and Mondrian both contributed to the journal, they did not want to be associated with De Stijl, except as contributors. The initial source of their ideas came from DaDa notions about dispensing with the pretentious elitist design aesthetics of the pre war era. The Dutch-based publication titled De Stijl—which translates to The Style—formed the basis for an international art movement of young artists and architects led by Piet Mondrian, among others. And finally, De Stijl sought the precision and exactness of the machine and its clean and efficient forms. In fact, one of the important trends of the 20th century would be the increasing parallels between - even merging of - art and design, which had been separated since the end of the renaissance. Although the roots of the style of De Stijl can be traced back to Cubism from which it is derived, the dates of the movement itself are linked to the magazine, De Stijl.
A unique feature of their program was the melding of handicraft and industrial production methods. But there is a solution on the horizon: … the opportunity to define — even celebrate — precision lies at the heart of what we can and should do. De Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg 1883—1931 , propagating the group's theories. Schroder-Schrader, it is the only known building constructed entirely according to the design principles of De Stijl. In spite of the apparently small output of this group, they would be very influential on subsequent design styles.
De Stijl was an art movement founded in 1917 by a group of Dutch abstract artists. They advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and colour; they simplified visual compositions to the vertical and horizontal directions, and used only primary colors along with black and white. During the 1920s, De Stijl, outside of the Parisian studio of Piet Mondrian, was exemplified as architecture. A better connection would be to the philosophical tendency towards abstraction through mathematics that is part of the Dutch tradition. The works of De Stijl would influence the Bauhaus style and the international style of architecture as well as clothing and interior design. Equilibrated relations are not an ultimate result.
Even after his death, a new abstract style known as Art Concrete evolved out of the remnants of De Stijl and the Futurists. The name De Stijl is supposedly derived from Gottfried Semper's Der Stil in den technischen und tektonischen Künsten oder Praktische Ästhetik 1861—3 , which Curl suggests was mistakenly believed to advocate materialism and functionalism. The main purpose of this art movement is to create universal harmony. For a list of important styles, see:. The change, which really began in the late 60's, came into its own in the early 1980's. Rietveld envisioned a chair that played with and transformed the space around it, consisting of rectilinear volumes, planes, and lines that interact in unique ways, yet manage to avoid intersection.
His aim was to promulgate a new design-paradigm of harmony and order, by reducing all art to essentials of form and colour. The Dutch review De Stijl was founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg, and the name has come to represent the common aims and utopian vision of a loose affiliation of Dutch and international artists and architects. Who should control the space? Though limiting, blues musicians continue to make unique songs and the genre still produces new talent. In music, De Stijl was an influence only on the work of composer Jakob van Domselaer, a close friend of Mondrian. The works avoided symmetry and attained aesthetic balance by the use of opposition. Traditions, dogmas, and the domination of the individual are opposed to this realization.
As an Art Form They key ideas of De Stijl revolve around spiritual and social redemption. One important exception is Gerrit Rietveld's Schroeder House, which is the most complete realization of the de Stijl aesthetic. The new art has brought forward what the new consciousness of time contains: a balance between the universal and the individual. This third idea united the artists who rejected the curves of Art nouveau and its sensual connections to reality. By ostensibly removing the individualism of the artist in favor of precision and universal harmonies, the De Stijl group believed they were laying the groundwork for a future utopia. In trying to achieve universal harmony, the exponents of De Stijl proposed a visual language that consisted of simple, rendered geometric forms such as squares, straight lines, and rectangles that were meant to search for the governing laws of harmony.
The initial source of their ideas came from DaDa notions about dispensing with the pretentious elitist design aesthetics of the pre war era. In the early 1920's a , influenced by some of the ideas of DaDa, formed a movement called de Stijl Dutch for The Style. Therefore, De Stijl art is always abstract. . This led to Mondrian's departure from the group. The artists of this movement embraced the utopia of art and its potential to transform the horrors that World War I created. Too many diagonals to be De Stijl, but the color palette and black bands are clearly a reference to the style.