Also the laws of economics are not universally applicable like other sciences. The spares and harddisk of the computer you operate might have been produced in the United Stat … es of America. Hence economic laws lack predictability. They recognised that they needed to be a combination of political economist, political geographer and political psychologist because as administrators they did not find problems neatly divided into political science, economics, sociology et at, the problems, had to be handled in their totality. Walras, Wicksell and Fisher were the modern contributors to the development of macroeconomic analysis before Keynes.
Economics for business looks at the major principles of economics but focuses on applying these economic principles to the real world of business. Nature of Politics : If we study the various definitions given above we shall come across several features or various aspects of the nature of politics and some are stated below: One, the definition or idea of politics is flexible or changing. Price Analysis: The technique helps in analyzing various price factors such as transfer of price, the different price of different products and discrimination of price. This focus is complemented with contributing ideas and theories to develop the necessary instruments to facilitate the management of sophisticated and complex organizations. The total is made up of the parts. It is the analysis of the process of change which continues through time. Most of the problems today are fundamentally economic in character.
For example, physical scientists are interested in war and peace as well as disarmament treaties. And the study of the general level of prices falls within the domain of macroeconomics. Input-Out put Decisions — Input relation with Output to maximize profit, production function, factors of production, cost and production relationship, analyze cost — out put relation in the short run and long run etc. Wants are motive for economic activity. Project scope management is defined as the processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully. If the use of power is not legitimate or authoritative and the purposes of the use of power are not clearly stated that technique or way cannot be the subject matter of political science.
Wants are motive force for economic activity. The authority of the state adopts various schemes to utilise geography for the development of human resources. Pricing Decisions, policies and practices. Nowadays most of the things we need are made in factories. Economic analysis the cost and benefits of improving patterns of resources use. The state, as the highest political organisation, is concerned with the public affairs.
Only the authority allocates or can allocate values and for that purpose it adopts policy: Values are allocated for society. The result was that politics or any general principle of political science came to be vital parts of theology and philosophy. The scarcity definition does not address this. For, the area covered by prices does not embrace all the economic activities which are directed towards the satisfaction of wants. The miserable conditions of workers of Britain pained Marx and Engels so much that they devoted their entire life to the way of emancipation of the working class. It seeks to explain the economic functioning of a state, country or the world. Thus, international business is the process of focusing on the resources of the globe and objectives of the organizations on global business opportunities and threats.
But the adoption of such a policy for the economy leads to a reduction in employment. Similarly, it was Keynes who developed macroeconomics as a distinct method in economic theory. They earn money to satisfy their wants. A few more words may be still added to our analysis about politics in academic sense and non-academic sense. In this approach full employment is not assumed.
Economics is the science of choice. High priced and high quality Palmolive soaps are marketed in European countries and the economy priced Palmolive soaps are exported and marketed in developing Countries like Ethiopia, Pakistan, Kenya, India, Cambodia etc. Its relation with other social sciences There is no doubt about the fact that economics is very closely related to ethics. It is found in Marxist literature that capitalist ruler of state always tries to control the agencies of civil society by means of influencing art, literature, history, law and other things which generally belong to civil society. Articles produced must reach the hands of the consumers and this is impossible without Exchange. This is because it is concerned not only with the cause and effect relationship but also with the cause and desired effect relationship. Nor does it include all the items which economists normally study.
Keynes, on the other hand, showed that deflation and depression were caused by the deficiency of aggregate demand, and inflation and prosperity by the increase in aggregate demand. This conception leads us to make a distinction in the social affairs between public and private. For instance, a rise in price may not lead to contraction in demand rather it may expand it if people fear a shortage in anticipation of war. By discarding the unrealistic assumption of full employment, Keynes and his followers have built models which not only explain the macroeconomic forces lying behind cyclical fluctuations but also explain the turning points of the cycle. A government worthy of its name must devise means to tackle this development and ultimately this comes to be a part of art of government. An economy may change through time in two ways: a Without changing its pattern, and b By changing its pattern. Some Earth scientists use their knowledge of the Earth to locate and develop energy and mineral resources.