During the morning Darbar, he listened to the reports of officers of different departments and dictated orders on them. Further Reading Narendra Krishna Sinha, Ranjit Singh Calcutta, 2d ed. He also married the daughter of Sardar Karam Singh Chinah , the date of her marriage is unknown. In the same year he refused asylum to Holkar, the Maratha leader, when the latter was pursued by Lord Lake. Ranjit Singh was heir to the Sukerchakia misl, one of the 12 misls which had been established by the warlike Sikhs during the 18th century and which ruled the greater part of the Punjab.
All the Europeans visiting him have mentioned this fact. He was a stickler in performing ardas supplicatory prayer regularly and used to offer thousands of rupees in this way before the Granth every year. However, our study does lead to conclude and we have the least hesitation to state that the responsibility for the fall of the Sikh kingdom does not fall on the shoulders of Ranjit Singh to a great extent. He established cordial and friendly relations with a powerful neighbour like the British on the strength of his wisdom and broad mindedness. Personal Life Ranjit Singh had several wives and mistresses. Soon he subju-gated Jammu and Kasur, won the friendship of the strong Ahluwalia misl, the important Kanheya misl being already linked with him by marriage, and started on a career of expansion which by 1810 made him the supreme ruler of the Punjab north of the Sutlej.
The Afghan king, Shah Zaman, confirmed Ranjit Singh as governor of the city. Ranjit Singh applied his regional awareness and warrior skills and thrived in resisting the Afghan invaders thus ensuring victory of the Sikhs. By the 1830s the British were beginning to expand their territories in India. The Maharaja had attached promising Sikh young men with all English and French officers in his service so that they might gather from them some knowledge of the European sciences. Religious Life of the Maharaja To assess the religious life of a person in those times, that man's personal morals and his private life were not the only criteria, but his moral standards were assessed from his daily routine and observances of social customs and religious rites.
Soon the couple separated and Mehtab started living with her mother Sada Kaur. The splendour and luminosity of his single eye is so much that I have never dared to look at his other eye. Ranjit's success was primarily based on a large, loyal, well-drilled, excellently equipped, superbly led, and amazingly mobile standing army. Military Organisation Maharaja Ranjit Singh had reorganized the military network of the Khalsa and Punjab became an important martial power. Ranjit Singh could perceive the need of the time and came to the conclusion that if it was difficult for the misldars to get united, they should be transformed into components of a single strong kingdom. This is what made him extremely popular with his people.
The causes of this political crisis shall be explained in my next book. His first marriage was to Mehtab Kaur a political marriage of convenience to strengthen and reconcile the Sikh Misls. However, on his death bed, he offered the diamond to a famous Hindu temple. Ranjit Singh reversed this trend. The sanctum of the Gurdwara was overlaid by him with gold foil in 1830. Whether it is dust-storm or rain, summer or winter, the Maharaja must go daily without break, for his morning outing. When the annexed the Punjab, they claimed the diamond on the basis that Ranjit had bequethed it to them.
But we cannot lose sight of the fact that for doing so he neither had the conditions prevailing in the Punjab that could be conducive to such progressive measures nor did he get enough time to pursue such plans. In a land and time when being blinded disqualified one from ruling, having the sight of only one eye was never a problem for Ranjit Singh, who remarked that it gave him the ability to see things more acutely. Economic Policy Ranjit Singh followed the Mughal rulers in developing his fiscal system. The modernized army performed very well in the conquests in the North-West Frontier. Ranjit Singh was a man with many wives.
He had also realized how crucial in warfare was a well-drilled infantry as well as artillery. Patronage of the Learned The Maharaja felt happy in the company of learned people whom he admired as well as honoured. His armies included Sikhs, Muslims, and Hindus and his commanders also hailed from different religious communities. His body was agile and nimble. Among these twelve were Sikh misls confederacies , one near Lahore was a Muslim confederacy named Kasur and one in the southeast was led by George Thomas, an Englishman.
He brought pride to the Khalsa Panth and his community in whose name he established Sarkar- i-Khalsa and ruled over the Punjab. In his foreign policy, Ranjit was extremely cautious, never alienating a neighbor unless it involved certain improvement of his own position. Even his sworn enemies kept quiet under the weight of his kindness. Maharaja Ranjit Singh lost his mother at age 18 while Lakhpat Rai was assassinated. But we cannot lose sight of the fact that for doing so he neither had the conditions prevailing in the Punjab that could be conducive to such progressive measures nor did he get enough time to pursue such plans.
Besides these, hundreds of rupees were spent to get copies of Granth Sahib in Gurmukhi script prepared which were placed in important gurdwaras. They write that Ranjit Singh was not handsome, but his face was such awe-inspiring that it instantly left an imprest of his bravery and intrepidity on the minds of those who saw him. The Samadhi of Emperor Ranjit Singh in Lahore, Pakistan. Ranjit came into his own after the death of his widowed, dominating mother in 1796. Ranjit Singh death in 27 June 1839 ultimately ended his reign, while his son Dalip Singh became his successor. He lost both of them at age 18 following which he received help from his mother-in-law Rani Sada Kaur from his first marriage with Mehtab Kaur. Later he had his lunch, and relaxed for half an hour.