Ophelia, as an obedient daughter of the time, agrees to spurn Hamlet. Knowing that burial space in the church was limited and that graves were often moved after someone died, Shakespeare used his epitaph as a warning: Blest be the man that spares these stones, And curst be he that moves my bones. Hamlet notices that the burial is less elaborate than usual, signifying that the deceased was a suicide. Perform this version in front of the class. Then write a poem about one conflict and the emotion that conflict generates.
Save your work for your portfolio. The previous two nights, the guards had seen a silent ghost resembling Hamlet's dead father. Things change in tragedy, usually for the worse, and there is a sense that no one can resist the tragic momentum. This concept was first introduced by the Greek philosopher Aristotle in the Poetics. Event: Event: Event: Polonius and Claudius eavesdrop on , Ophelia s meeting with Hamlet.
Describe Hamlets tone when he speaks to Ophelia. Yet Hubler also points out that one can hardly think of Hamlet as an action play. According to Bacon, is it more honorable to seek or avoid revenge? For whom are the gravediggers preparing a grave? Internet Connection Use the Internet to find out more about the Globe Theater and how Hamlet was performed in Elizabethan times. What does the King tell Hamlet? What mixed feelings does Gertrude experience as she listens to her son? After they have left, Claudius reminds Laertes of their plan to take care of Hamlet. The story of Hamlet is based on a Danish revenge story first recorded by Saxo Grammaticus in the 1100s.
Poor theater-goers paid a penny to stand around three sides of the stage, while wealthy audience members sat in one of the three stories of seats along the theater walls. Describe some of the characteristics of people who are grieving. What did Hamlet do to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? His theater troupe was adopted by King James as the King's Men in 1603. Identify Bernardo, Francisco, Marcellus, Horatio, and King Hamlet. He can no longer believe in religion, which has failed his father and doomed him to life amid miserable experience. The old king, Hamlet's father, has died; the king's brother, Claudius, has replaced him, stealing Hamlet's rightful place on the throne, and married Hamlet's mother.
He adds that, given the death of the Danish royalty, he will now pursue his own claims to the throne. Shakespeare retired as a rich and prominent man to Stratford-upon-Avon in 1613, and died three years later. Discuss In a small group, discuss different situations in which you or someone you know had difficulty choosing a particular course of action. Maurice Charney, in How to Read Shakespeare, comments that in a tragedy The characters involve themselves inextricably in that web of circumstances that will constitute their doom. The dreary tone and harsh setting contrasting with the revelry within the castle foretell the tragedy to come.
How does Shakespeare try to blur the line between reality and the supernatural? Question: Why does Hamlet act mad? F or more than 400 years, the work of poet, playwright, and actor William Shakespeare has fascinated people from all walks of life, all over the world. How does the tone of act 2 compare to the tone of act 1? Responding to the Reading 1. Quickwrite Describe on paper an occasion when you thought a friend was not totally honest with you. He and Horatio stand aside while Laertes argues with the priest about the paltriness of the burial rites. Ghosts returned to seek vengeance, reclaim property, or give warning of impending trouble. Discuss the effectiveness of each performance. Analyzing Literature Recall and Interpret 1.
Wilson contends that Claudius exhibits character traits that make him more of a hero than Hamlet. In your opinion, is her argument effective? What events in act 3 might be considered turning points? What do the King and Polonius decide about Hamlets condition after eavesdropping on Hamlet and Ophelia? His death thus demonstrates the value of introspection over action, and the triumph of thought over fate, against the uncertainty and confusion of death. Hamlet then devised a substitute letter asking for the deaths of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. He and Horatio stand aside while Laertes argues with the priest about the paltriness of the burial rites. Advise her on how she should respond to Hamlet in the future. For whom are the gravediggers preparing a grave? Hamlet and Laertes choose their swords. Yet Hubler also points out that one can hardly think of Hamlet as an action play.
As in Hamlet, one of the main themes is grief. To what hope does Shaila cling after her tragedy? Analysis No surprise, this final Act of Hamlet is as mysterious, ambiguous, and controversial as those that precede it. Why do you think Hamlet keeps these feelings to himself? They play another round and Hamlet again wins a point. Laertes appears to accept this apology but declares that his honor will not be satisfied until they have had their contest. In the letter he found an order for his death. Hamlet cries that he would do things for Ophelia that Laertes could not dream of—he would eat a crocodile for her, he would be buried alive with her. Then talk about how Shakespeare stages the ghost scene in Hamlet.
How does Shakespeare accomplish this? In circles attached to the word, list feelings or emotions that may be associated with conflict. As they prepare to fight, Claudius proposes a drink to Hamlet. As Hubler indicates, Hamlet is filled with action. Who is Fortinbras, and why is he entering Denmark? Why might Hamlet have decided to throw off his disguise at the gravesite? Background English playwright Tom Stoppard transforms Rosencrantz and Guildenstern—two minor characters in Hamlet—into the two principal characters in his comic play written in the 1960s. Many of the lines that Shakespeare wrote have become a part of our everyday language and culture.
This short story is one of a series that focuses on immigrants and the adjustments they must make in a new country. As Hubler indicates, Hamlet is filled with action. Theater owners wanted to avoid city authorities, many of whom disapproved of the theater because it drew large crowds, creating the potential for crime, the spread of disease, and the introduction of controversial ideas. What is the content of the letters the King sends with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to England with Hamlet? In this way, Hamlet ensures that he will have one ally who understands the real intentions behind his bizarre behavior. Then talk about how Shakespeare stages the ghost scene in Hamlet.