Caudillos: Dictators in Spanish America. They owed obedience to no one and did not share their absolute power with any other person or institution. The warlord was condemned to death by the Haut-Katanga military court. John Lynch is one of the most influential authors to have worked on caudillismo. This will no doubt present an enormous challenge to a reconstituted Afghan army that is currently being formed, given the political realities of the country, which have been characterized by factionalism and warlordism.
Cuando eso ocurre, se afirma la figura presidencial y se facilita su transformación en caudillo. Concentrating on a series of episodes in chapter-length essays that set a wide canvas in which to analyze caudillismo, Scheina concludes that these military men, the caudillos, often took power only to be revealed as corrupt leaders. Na het met de in liet hij zich Caudillo de España por la Gracia de Dios vertaald leider van Spanje bij Gratie Gods noemen. With Reverso you can find the Spanish translation, definition or synonym for caudillo and thousands of other words. Most scholars writing in English have interpreted 19th century caudillos as charismatic leaders who were able to attain power because they had a large following of clients. Charisma was understood, according to Max Weber, as the ability of one person to rule others by sheer strength of personality.
Hamill understands caudillos as the equivalent of dictators and an enduring characteristic of Latin America and Spain. Por el contrario, la nueva estructura política raulista toma su inspiración de la tradición más pura del caudillismo militar latinoamericano, y utiliza la ideología comunista de manera pragmática. A more structural analysis was put forward from the 1960s onwards in works such as , linking caudillismo with economic realities as well as the vacuum of power left over from the wars of independence. One of the most enduring images of 19th century caudillos, particularly in the English-speaking world, is that of men on horseback who ruled vast swaths of the Spanish American hinterlands with the support of their makeshift militias. There's no home for a leader who fails his people. For the documentary film, see.
Vote to the leader of the glorious army. Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo , — , kortweg Francisco Franco y Bahamonde, en beter bekend als generalísimo Francisco Franco was een , regent, president en. His book Facundo is a commentary on the Argentine leader Juan Manuel de Rosas, who, according to Sarmiento, controlled the province of Buenos Aires through violent means and who eschewed the notion of becoming president of the whole of Argentina or of creating a constitution. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992. Caudillos were capable of commanding large numbers of people and holding the attention of large crowds with growing excitement. You can complete the translation of caudillo given by the Spanish-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Maria Moliner, Espasa Calpe, Grijalbo, Larousse, Wordreference, Oxford, Collins dictionaries. The term originally referred to military power: Indíbil and Mandonio, , sometimes in the modern historiography , and other fighters of the Reconquista, even , , etc.
Leadership Charismatic image See also: Typically, the caudillos took it upon themselves to attain power over society and place themselves as its leader. In the cases of Mexico and Venezuela, where caudillos were also noteworthy in the 19th century, the experience of the 20th century has overshadowed their former centrality. Used in Spain since the time of the Reconquista, the term became increasingly common in Spanish America during the wars of independence. Het hoogtepunt van de caudillo's was in de , alhoewel in sommige Latijns-Amerikaanse landen nog steeds caudillo's voorkomen. A similar phenomenon in Italy from the 13th to the 16th century repeatedly brought the , the charismatic leader of a band of mercenaries, to power, when institutions of power temporarily failed. MultiUn Issues such as the increase in poverty as a result of the deterioration in the economic situation and the recession, growing public discontent with corruption, the misuse of public funds, impunity and strongman politics caudillismo are contributing to an increasingly conflictual and unsustainable situation scielo-abstract Grouping these studies around three fundamental topics - political citizenship and nation building, violence and war, and the institutionalization of the state - it underlines how these new interpretations help modify the image of the 19th century as one characterized by violence, anarchy, and political boss-rule caudillismo.
In de letterlijke betekenis is caudillo het woord voor. Ese caudillo fue condenado a muerte por el tribunal militar de Haut-Katanga. When this happens, the presidency is strengthened, enabling the incumbent's transformation into a caudillo. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Introduction The term caudillo originates from the Spanish word for head, cabeza, and describes the leader of a political faction, often linked to a band of armed men. In some areas they derived their power from the army, while in others they counted on their dependents. Caudillos are also regarded as significant in Bolivia and Peru, with new work appearing in the early 21st century.
Government structure Since the caudillo typically held power by controlling a network that brooked no rival structure, some caudillos took up an anti-clerical stand. Another widely accepted account, , correlates local Spanish-American culture and the legacy of the colonial period with the development of caudillos. No hay hogar para un caudillo que traiciona a su pueblo. Subsequently, in the work of scholars such as John Lynch, Eric Wolf, and Eduard Hansen, caudillos have been understood as local Latin American variants of patrons, while others authors, such as Hugh Hamill, refer to them as dictators. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Editorial Huemul, 1978.
Many took over the government of a country and were successful in maintaining it, while others faced strong opposition. Although not dealing in detail with caudillos, this article is important because it reflects the kind of thinking on Spain and Latin America typical of the 1950s, which saw caudillos as cultural phenomena. Un caudillo o comerciante que tenga unos 100 vehículos técnicos es considerado poderoso. A warlord or businessman who can have up to 100 technicals is considered powerful. Según sus oponentes, Morales está reproduciendo la tradición del caudillismo, concentrando poder en sus manos y convirtiendo las instituciones de gobierno en meras formalidades. Caudillo was the term used to refer to the charismatic populist leaders among the people. Many of the caudillos used their newly gained power, which was unchecked because it was extra-constitutional, to promote their own wealth and interests.
Caudillos emerged when there was an institutional vacuum, where formal rules were absent and political confrontation was resolved through conflict. Recent work has aimed to understand what made them charismatic and what their real sources of political power were. He was the first author to use the term, linking it to the pampas that, inhabited by gauchos, could only be governed by caudillos. Originally published in 1845, it has been extensively reprinted, with English editions in 1998 and 2003. Hence, they are determined to take every measure to avoid a relapse into warlordism and lawlessness.