Do you find this person relaxed or tense? But nowadays human and social inputs and outputs are equally important. The greatest concern is that stereotyping lays the foundation for prejudice - unfounded negative emotions toward people belonging to a particular stereotyped group. To assume that any one of the models has been the best model is wrong as no model is hundred percent perfect but have been evolving all through the years with the changes in our perception, study and social conditions that have been affecting the human behavior. Risk management process help to identify and properly assess the risk in the effective manner. There are mainly four approaches to organizational behavior.
This approach encourages you to look at problems differently and to change how people learn from each other. Mutual interest: In order to develop the organization behavior mutually of interestorganizations and people is necessary. Further, different decisions need to be taken for stakeholders as well as they are the major soul for the business venture Adeniji, 2011. Another approach that is being studied in greater depth is the communication approach. The work culture brings all the employees on a common platform and unites them at the workplace.
The concept implies that for any situation there is an optimum amount of a desirable practice. People satisfy their needsthrough organization and organization accomplish their goal throughpeople. Each situation much be analyzed carefully to determine the significant variables that exist in order to establish the kinds of practices that will be more effective. While, the social theory depends on how the connection is created between the stimulus and response. These four management approaches might be used in… 893 Words 4 Pages Classical Music: Is it Relevant or Not? Once you get the hang of it, being a leader is really super easy! To explain this the behavious of people is used, thus behavioral approach.
This theory has three approaches namely. By considering all the approaches, decision making has the best advantage as employees will be considered as a part of the family and they will contribute their valuable suggestions in the growth and development of business enterprise. There are scientists,archaeologists, who do dig for and study religious artifact. It is the process of assigning traits to people based upon their membership in a social category. The cognitive theory was developed by Edward and depends on the expectancy and incentive concepts while behaviorist framework created by Ivan Pavlov and John B. The process refers to how the parties negotiate: the context of the negotiations, the parties to the negotiations, the tactics used by the parties and the sequence and stages in which all of these play out. Strategy comprises the top level goals - typically including relationship and the final outcome.
Cited firm has to use skilled employees so that they can perform their operations well and achieve their goals and objectives respectively. Further, it analyzes the human behaviour within particular work environment and shows its major impact on performance, job structure, motivation, etc. It is the art of cognizing what is essential to be done in an efficient and effective way and it is know-how of doing things in the light of the realities of a scenario. Newstrom gave the example of a wood processing plant where the employees were treated very cruelly even to the extent of physical abuse. The scientific management school advocated that efficiency can be attainted by finding the right methods to get the job done, through specialization on the job, by planning and scheduling, by using standard operating mechanisms, establishing standard times to do the job, by proper selection and training of personnel and through wage incentives. His two contrasting categories, outlined in his 1960 book, The Human Side of Enterprise, are known as Theory X and Theory Y. Now managers have begun to study about their employees needs, they found out that though in the autocratic setup employees does not talk back yet they have many things to say but incapability to speak result in frustrations, insecurity, and aggressive behavior towards their boss.
Organizational studies, organizational behavior, and organizational approach is the systematic study and careful application of knowledge about how people - as individuals and as groups - act within organizations. Situations are much more complex than first perceived and the different variables may require different behavior which means that different environments required different behavior for effectiveness. Unfair discrimination in employment settings occurs when employers differentiate among people on the basis of job irrelevant factors such as race, religion, gender, age, national or ethnic of origin, physical handicap or mental status instead of job related factors. The Neo-classical Approach Theory-Y : This approach reflects human relations movement as well as behavioural science approach. It gives the employees a sense of direction and also controls the way they behave with each other. Academy of Management Journal, 31, 439—446. Existence focuses on providing the basic material and it comprises of physiological and safety needs.
The organisational structure and the processes of management are governed by the external environment and several aspects of the internal environment. This ultimately results in the long time commitment and loyalty of the employees and the success of the company. Ethics: In order to attract and retain valuable employees inan era in which good workers are constantly required away, ethicaltreatment is necessary. Don't make it sound too mean, though. The people who actually helped achieve those numbers were graded on their technical skills, productivity, and budgets. Both seem to be related to important outcomes, with task-oriented behaviors more strongly relating to leader effectiveness and people-oriented behaviors leading to employee satisfaction.
The study was led by Elton Mayo and F. Understand why people behave as they do. Make no concessions until the end. A review of the literature shows that when leaders use more democratic or participative decision-making styles, employees tend to be more satisfied; however, the effects on decision quality or employee productivity are weaker. These theories generally have certain assumptions in the form that leaders are generally born and not made and they also possess certain traits.